Kieran Doodi

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In recent years, Wales has seen a significant upswing in its export economy. Measured from April to March of the subsequent year, the total export value has steadily grown. Starting from £15.6 billion in the 2019-2020 period, it has witnessed a consistent increase, reaching an estimated £20.4 billion by March 2024.

This growth is driven by key sectors such as machinery, transport equipment, fuels, and other exports, underscoring the diverse and robust nature of the Welsh economy’s contribution to global trade.

Main Exports and Yearly Figures for the Last Five Years

Year Machinery Export Value (£ Billion) Transport Equipment Export Value (£ Billion) Fuel Export Value (£ Billion) Other Exports (£ Billion) Total Export Value (£ Billion)
2019-2020 3.0 3.6 2.5 6.5 15.6
2020-2021 3.2 3.8 2.7 7.0 16.7
2021-2022 3.5 4.0 2.9 7.5 17.9
2022-2023 3.8 4.3 3.1 8.0 19.2
2023-2024 4.0 4.5 3.4 8.5 20.4 (Estimated)


Bar chart showing the growth of Welsh exports from 2019 to 2024 in various sectors including machinery, transport equipment, and fuels.
Growth trend of Welsh exports over five years, highlighting key sectors.


Major Export Categories

Machinery and Transport Equipment

These sectors are pivotal in Welsh exports, constituting a significant portion of the total export value.

Mineral Fuels

Mineral fuels, including petroleum products, have witnessed a remarkable increase in export values, marking their rising significance in Welsh trade.

Key Industries in Wales

Manufacturing Industry

The manufacturing sector, encompassing aerospace and automotive industries, is crucial to the Welsh economy, contributing to employment and exports.

Retail Sector

The retail sector, the largest private sector employer, significantly contributes to the Welsh GVA.

International Trading

Trading with the EU, the US, and emerging markets in Asia and the Middle East is key to the growth of Welsh exports.

Emerging Trends and Future Outlook

Growth and Diversification

Potential diversification in renewable energy and technology sectors represents future growth avenues.

Expansion in New Markets

Exploring new markets in Asia and the Middle East offers exciting prospects for Welsh exports.

This detailed analysis of Welsh exports and industries highlights the economy’s diversity and evolving nature.

Detailed Analysis of Export Sectors

Machinery Exports

Machinery exports have shown steady growth, reflecting Wales’ strong manufacturing capabilities. This sector’s innovation and quality have helped establish a solid international presence.

Transport Equipment Exports

Transport equipment, including automotive and aerospace products, has been a major contributor to Wales’ export success, benefitting from significant investments and technological advancements.

Fuel Exports

The increase in fuel exports, particularly petroleum products, signals Wales’ key role in the energy sector. This growth is aligned with global energy demands and market dynamics.

The Role of Emerging Technologies and Innovations

Renewable Energy

The shift towards renewable energy sources presents new opportunities for Welsh exports in green technology.

Advanced Manufacturing

Embracing advanced manufacturing techniques, Wales is poised to enhance its export competitiveness in sectors like electronics and medical equipment.


The Welsh economy, through its diversified and growing export sectors, demonstrates a dynamic and resilient nature. With a focus on traditional strengths like machinery and transport equipment, and a keen eye on emerging markets and technologies, Wales is strategically positioned for continued growth and innovation in the global market.


What are Wales’ main exports?

Wales primarily exports machinery, transport equipment, mineral fuels, and a variety of other goods.

How has Welsh export value changed over recent years?

Welsh exports have steadily increased, from £15.6 billion in 2019-2020 to an estimated £20.4 billion in 2023-2024.

Which sectors are showing the most growth in Welsh exports?

Machinery, transport equipment, and fuel exports have shown significant growth.

What is the future outlook for Welsh exports?

The future looks bright, with potential diversification into renewable energy and advanced manufacturing, and expansion into new markets.


  • Kieran Doodi

    Meet Kieran Doodi, a dynamic force in the world of writing, research, and analysis. As a seasoned writer, Kieran's pen weaves compelling narratives, effortlessly translating complex ideas into engaging stories that captivate readers.

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